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陈金龙:中国共产党历史观的生动诠释

发布时间:2021-11-19 19:40:29

日本蓝精灵代购2019�█(Ⅴ)Χ【⒉⒎7⒉1⒐⒋0〗█【直接.加/网.上.大药.房】药.真.价.实,满.额,包,邮!信,誉/保,障新媒文章:中国经济“悲观论”大错特错【吕】【洪】【哲】【在】【2】【0】【1】【0】【年】【带】【着】【一】【家】【大】【小】【上】【节】【目】【受】【访】【时】【笑】【说】【,】【小】【女】【儿】【吕】【书】【晶】【是】【2】【0】【0】【2】【年】【2】【月】【2】【0】【日】【2】【时】【出】【生】【的】【,】【“】【跟】【2】【很】【有】【缘】【分】【”】【,】【希】【望】【她】【能】【在】【2】【0】【2】【0】【年】【奥】【运】【会】【中】【夺】【牌】【。】


  (党)(的)十九届六(中)全(会)审议通(过)(的)(《)(中)(共)(中)央关(于)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(的)(决)议(》)(以下简称(《)(决)议(》)),坚(持)辩证唯(物)(主)(义)(和)(历)(史)唯(物)(主)(义)(的)(方)(法)(论),坚(持)正确(党)(史)观、树立(大)(历)(史)观,(分)四个(时)(期)总结(了)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(的)(重)(大)成就,从五个(方)(面)概括(了)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(的)(历)(史)意(义),从十个(方)(面)总结(了)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(的)(历)(史)经(验),(是)(一)篇光辉(的)马(克)(思)(主)(义)(纲)领性文献,也(是)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)观(的)生动诠(释)(和)(表)达。

  紧扣(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)(的)(主)题(主)(线)

  (中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(百)(年)(历)(史)(是)(一)幅多彩(的)画(卷),形成(了)深厚(的)(历)(史)积淀,从(历)(史)(的)(主)题(主)(线)入手,才能看(清)楚(历)(史)(的)(主)流(和)本质,洞(察)(历)(史)(发)展(的)规律(和)(大)势。

  习近(平)总书记(在)庆祝(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)成立100周(年)(大)(会)桑ㄏ郑└出:“(一)(百)(年)来,(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)团结(带)领(中)(国)人(民)(进)(行)(的)(一)切(奋)(斗)、(一)切(牺)牲、(一)切(创)造,归结起来就(是)(一)个(主)题:(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)。(”)(《)(决)议(》)围绕(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(这)(一)(历)(史)(主)题,(分)别阐明(了)四个(时)(期)(党)团结(带)领人(民)(为)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)取得(的)(重)(大)成就,厘(定)(了)(各)个(时)(期)(在)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(历)(史)(进)(程)(中)(的)地(位)。具(体)来(说),新(民)(主)(主)(义)(革)(命)(时)(期),(为)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(创)造根本(社)(会)条件(;)(社)(会)(主)(义)(革)(命)(和)(建)(设)(时)(期),(为)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复校ㄋ担╈(定)根本政治前(提)(和)(制)(度)基础(;)改(革)开(放)(和)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(建)(设)新(时)(期),(为)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(提)供(充)满新(的)活力(的)(体)(制)保证(和)快速(发)展(的)(物)质条件(;)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)新(时)(代),(为)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(提)供更(为)完善(的)(制)(度)保证、更(为)坚(实)(的)(物)质基础、更(为)(主)动(的)(精)神力(量)。(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)取得(的)(重)(大)成就,(实)质(上)(是)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(的)(重)(大)成就。

  (历)(史)(主)(线)(是)(历)(史)(主)题(的)逻辑展开,不懈(奋)(斗)(史)、不怕(牺)牲(史)、理(论)探索(史)、(为)(民)造福(史)、自身(建)(设)(史),构成(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(百)(年)(历)(史)(的)(主)(线)。(《)(决)议(》)(在)总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(时),紧扣(历)(史)(主)(线)(进)(行)诠(释)。(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(百)(年)取得(的)(重)(大)成就(是)不懈(奋)(斗)(的)成就。(要)(奋)(斗)就(会)(有)(牺)牲,不怕(牺)牲(是)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)人(的)政治品(格),(是)(伟)(大)(建)(党)(精)神(的)内涵之(一),(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)取得(的)(重)(大)成就(是)(革)(命)先烈流血(牺)牲换来(的)。(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就包含理(论)(创)新,(在)新(民)(主)(主)(义)(革)(命)(时)(期),(我)们(党)(创)立(了)毛爷爷(思)(想)(;)(在)改(革)开(放)(和)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(建)(设)新(时)(期),(我)们(党)(创)立粒ㄋ担┧小(平)理(论),形成(了)“三个(代)(表)(”)(重)(要)(思)(想)、科(学)(发)展观,形成(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)理(论)(体)系(;)(在)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)新(时)(代),(我)们(党)(创)立(了)习近(平)新(时)(代)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(思)(想)。(为)(中)(国)人(民)谋幸福、(为)(中)(华)(民)(族)谋复(兴)(是)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)人(的)初心(和)使(命),(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)从根本(上)改(变)(了)(中)(国)人(民)(的)前途(命)运,(中)(国)人(民)(对)美好生活(的)向往逐步(变)(为)(现)(实)。(党)(的)自身(建)(设)贯穿(党)(的)(百)(年)(历)(史)(进)(程),(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)锻造(了)走(在)(时)(代)前列(的)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)。(《)(决)议(》)(清)晰展(现)(了)(党)(的)(百)(年)(历)(史)(主)(线)。

  紧扣(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)(的)(主)题(主)(线),彰显(了)(历)(史)(的)(主)流(和)本质。尽管(党)(的)(历)(史)(上)也走(过)(一)些弯路,(发)生(过)(一)些错误,(但)从(党)(的)(百)(年)(历)(史)(进)(程)来看,(这)些(是)支流。(《)(决)议(》)聚焦(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)(的)(主)流(和)本质,着眼(于)总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(的)(重)(大)成就、(历)(史)经(验),没(有)纠缠(于)(历)(史)细节,(体)(现)(了)世(界)(大)(党)把握(历)(史)(的)政治智(慧)。

  基(于)(大)(历)(史)观总结成就(和)经(验)

  (了)(解)(历)(史)才能看得远,理(解)(历)(史)才能走得远。习近(平)总书记强调,“(要)教育(引)导全(党)胸唬ǔ郑┬(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(战)略全局(和)世(界)(百)(年)(未)(有)之(大)(变)局,树立(大)(历)(史)观,从(历)(史)(长)河、(时)(代)(大)潮、全(球)(风)云(中)(分)析演(变)机理、探究(历)(史)规律(”)。(《)(决)议(》)基(于)(大)(历)(史)观总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验),从(中)(国)(历)(史)(的)(长)(时)段(和)世(界)(历)(史)(的)宽视野评(价)(历)(史)。

  (中)(国)(共)(产)(党)诞生(于)(中)(华)(民)(族)经(过)(长)(期)积累而形成(的)(历)(史)、文(化)土壤之(上),(中)(华)文明(是)孕育(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(的)文(化)基石。(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(一)经诞生,就担负(了)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(的)(历)(史)(重)(任)。(《)(决)议(》)将(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(置)(于)(中)(华)(民)(族)(发)展(史)(的)(历)(史)(长)河来评(价),强调“(党)(和)人(民)(百)(年)(奋)(斗),书写(了)(中)(华)(民)(族)几千(年)(历)(史)(上)最恢宏(的)(史)诗(”)。具(体)来(说),新(民)(主)(主)(义)(革)(命)(的)胜利,结束(了)(中)(华)(民)(族)(任)人宰割、饱受欺凌(的)(时)(代)(;)(社)(会)(主)(义)(革)(命)(和)(建)(设)(的)(伟)(大)成就,(实)(现)(了)(中)(华)(民)(族)(有)(史)以来最(为)广泛而深(刻)(的)(社)(会)(变)(革)(;)改(革)开(放)(是)(中)(华)(民)(族)(发)展(史)(上)(一)次(伟)(大)(革)(命),改(革)开(放)(和)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(建)(设)(的)(伟)(大)成就,停ㄆ剑(了)(中)(华)(民)(族)从(站)起来(到)富起来(的)(伟)(大)飞跃(;)新(时)(代)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(的)(伟)(大)成就,使(中)(华)(民)(族)迎来(了)从(站)起来、富起来(到)强起来(的)(伟)(大)飞跃。(这)些(论)(断)诠(释)(了)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(对)(于)(中)(华)(民)(族)(发)展(的)(历)(史)性(贡)献。

  (中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(的)诞生(是)顺应世(界)(发)展(大)势(的)结果,(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(历)(史)(是)世(界)(历)(史)(的)(重)(要)组成(部)(分)。(《)(决)议(》)将(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(置)(于)世(界)(历)(史)背景下来(分)析,彰显(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(对)(于)世(界)(历)(史)(发)展(的)(贡)献。(在)阐(释)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(历)(史)意(义)(时),强调(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)“深(刻)影响(了)世(界)(历)(史)(进)(程)(”)“深(刻)改(变)(了)世(界)(发)展(的)趋势(和)(格)局(”)。(党)领导人(民)成(功)走出(中)(国)式(现)(代)(化)道路,“(创)造(了)人类文明新形态,拓展(了)(发)展(中)(国)家走向(现)(代)(化)(的)途径(”)。(党)推动构(建)人类(命)运(共)同(体),(为)(解)(决)人类(重)(大)问题,(建)(设)(持)久(和)(平)、普遍安全、(共)同繁荣、开(放)包容、(清)洁美丽(的)世(界)(贡)献(了)(中)(国)智(慧)、(中)(国)(方)案、(中)(国)力(量),“成(为)推动人类(发)展(进)步(的)(重)(要)力(量)(”)。(这)(是)将(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(置)(于)世(界)(历)(史)、人类文明(发)展(史)得出(的)结(论)。

  (社)(会)(主)(义)没(有)(辜)负(中)(国),(中)(国)没(有)(辜)负(社)(会)(主)(义)。(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(历)(史),(是)世(界)(社)(会)(主)(义)(史)(的)(重)(要)组成(部)(分)。(《)(决)议(》)将(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(置)(于)世(界)(社)(会)(主)(义)(发)展(史)来评(价),凸显(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(对)世(界)(社)(会)(主)(义)(发)展(的)(历)(史)(贡)献。比如,(在)阐(释)(党)(的)十三届四(中)全(会)以后取得(的)(重)(大)成就(时),强调“(在)(国)内外形势十(分)复杂、世(界)(社)(会)(主)(义)出(现)眩ㄏ郑┴曲(折)(的)严峻考(验)(面)前捍卫(了)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(”)。(在)阐(释)马(克)(思)(主)(义)(中)(国)(化)(时)(代)(化)不(断)取得成(功)(时),强调“使世(界)范围内(社)(会)(主)(义)(和)祝ㄊ保┚(主)(义)(两)郑ㄖ遥┾识形态、(两)种(社)(会)(制)(度)(的)(历)(史)演(进)及其较(量)(发)生(了)(有)利(于)(社)(会)(主)(义)(的)(重)(大)转(变)(”)。总之,(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(的)(伟)(大)成就,展(现)(了)世(界)(社)(会)(主)(义)(的)光明前景。

  (党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(过)(程),也(是)马(克)(思)(主)(义)(中)(国)(化)(的)(过)(程),(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)展示(了)马(克)(思)(主)(义)(的)强(大)生(命)力。(《)(决)议(》)指出,“马(克)(思)(主)(义)(的)科(学)性(和)真理性(在)(中)(国)得(到)(充)(分)检(验),马(克)(思)(主)(义)(的)人(民)性(和)(实)践性(在)(中)(国)得(到)(充)(分)贯彻,马(克)(思)(主)(义)(的)开(放)性(和)(时)(代)性(在)(中)(国)得(到)(充)(分)彰显(”)。(这)(是)将(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(置)(于)马(克)(思)(主)(义)(发)展(史)得出(的)结(论)。

  以唯(物)(史)观(和)辩证(法)(为)引导

  唯(物)(史)观(是)评(价)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)(的)理(论)基石,辩证(法)(是)评(价)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)(的)(方)(法)(论)基础。(《)(决)议(》)(在)总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(时),以唯(物)(史)观(和)辩证(法)(为)引导,(历)(史)地、辩证地浚ù矗(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(历)(史)。

  评(价)(历)(史)(要)求回(到)(历)(史)(时)空,从当(时)(的)(时)(代)背景、(社)(会)条件出(发)(进)(行)(分)析,脱离当(时)(的)背景(和)条件,(历)(史)评(价)就将(有)失客观(和)公正。(《)(决)议(》)肯(定)(《)关(于)(若)干(历)(史)问题(的)(决)议(》)(和)(《)关(于)(建)(国)以来(党)(的)(若)干(历)(史)问题(的)(决)议(》)(在)(重)(大)(历)(史)关头统(一)(了)全(党)(思)(想)(和)(行)动,(对)停ㄆ剑(党)(和)人(民)事业(发)挥(了)(重)(要)(引)领(作)用,其基本(论)述(和)结(论)郑剑仍然适用,(体)(现)(了)(对)(历)(史)(的)尊(重)。(《)(决)议(》)(对)(各)个(时)(期)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(的)(历)(史)(任)(务)、(重)(大)成就、(历)(史)地(位)(进)(行)具(体)(分)析,做(到)(了)客观全(面)、(忠)(于)(历)(史),(体)(现)(了)评(价)(历)(史)(的)(实)事求(是)态(度)。

  (历)(史)(的)(发)展(是)阶段性与连续性(的)(有)机统(一)。(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(百)(年)(历)(史)既(有)(发)展阶段(的)划(分),又(是)(一)个(有)机整(体)。(《)(决)议(》)既(分)别揭示(了)(各)个(时)(期)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(面)临(的)(历)(史)(任)(务)、取得(的)(重)(大)成就(和)(独)特(的)(历)(史)地(位),又揭示(了)(各)个(时)(期)(历)(史)(发)展(的)内(在)关联。事(实)(上),(在)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(的)(历)(史)(进)(程)(中),四个(时)(期)既(有)特(定)(的)(历)(史)(任)(务),也(有)特(定)(的)(历)(史)成就(和)(历)(史)地(位),(但)没(有)前(一)个(时)(期)(的)(历)(史)(发)展,也就难(有)后(一)个(时)(期)(的)(历)(史)(创)造。(《)(决)议(》)指出,“(党)(在)(社)(会)(主)(义)(革)(命)(和)(建)(设)(中)取得(的)(独)(创)性理(论)成果(和)巨(大)成就,(为)(在)新(的)(历)(史)(时)(期)开(创)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(提)供(了)宝贵经(验)、理(论)准备、(物)质基础(”)。(这)(一)(论)(断)揭示(了)改(革)开(放)前后(两)个(历)(史)(时)(期)(的)内(在)关联。(《)(决)议(》)(对)(于)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(的)总结,(体)(现)(了)(历)(史)(发)展(的)辩证(法)(和)评(价)(历)(史)(的)辩证(法)。

  (历)(史)(的)(发)展从来不(会)(一)帆(风)顺,(充)满(了)曲(折)(和)浚ú浚├。(《)(决)议(》)(在)聚焦(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(的)同(时),没(有)回避(党)(的)(历)(史)(发)展(过)(程)(中)出(现)(的)曲(折)。既聚焦(重)(大)成就,又反(思)(历)(史)教训,(体)(现)(了)评(价)(历)(史)(的)客观态(度)(和)辩证(方)(法)。

  贯通(历)(史)、(现)(实)(和)(未)来

  总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验)(的)目(的)(在)(于)映照(现)(实)、远观(未)来,将(历)(史)、(现)(实)、(未)来贯通起来。

  (现)(实)由(历)(史)(发)展而来,总结(历)(史)经(验)(的)目(的)(在)(于)引导(现)(实)。(《)(决)议(》)从坚(持)(党)(的)领导、坚(持)人(民)至(上)、坚(持)理(论)(创)新、坚(持)(独)立自(主)、坚(持)(中)(国)道路、坚(持)胸唬ǔ蹋╈下、坚(持)开拓(创)新、坚(持)敢(于)(斗)争、坚(持)统(一)(战)(线)、坚(持)自(我)(革)(命)十个(方)(面),总结(了)(党)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(的)(历)(史)经(验)。(这)些经(验)(是)(历)(史)智(慧)(的)凝聚,揭示(了)(党)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)成(功)(的)秘诀,(为)全(面)(建)成(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)强(国)、(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(提)供(了)(历)(史)启迪。

  (《)(决)议(》)(在)阐(释)(历)(史)经(验)(时),既基(于)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(对)(历)(史)经(验)(的)内涵(进)(行)(说)明,又着眼(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)新(时)(代)(面)临(的)(历)(史)(任)(务)阐明(实)践(要)求。“十个坚(持)(”)既(是)(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(历)(史)经(验)(的)概括(和)升(华),也(是)(党)(未)来怎样才能继续成(功)(的)阐(释)(和)回答。

  (《)(决)议(》)总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验),突出(了)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)新(时)(代)(这)(一)(重)点,(对)(于)(现)(在)、(未)来(的)(实)践(发)展具(有)(重)(要)引导意(义),(有)利(于)统(一)(思)(想)、统(一)意志、统(一)(行)动,凝聚全(面)(建)成(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)强(国)、(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(的)强(大)力(量)。(党)确立习近(平)同志(党)(中)央(的)核心、全(党)(的)核心地(位),确立习近(平)新(时)(代)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(思)(想)(的)引导地(位),反映(了)全(党)全军全(国)(各)(族)人(民)(共)同心愿,(对)新(时)(代)(党)(和)(国)家事业(发)展、(对)停ㄆ剑(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)复(兴)(历)(史)(进)(程)具(有)(决)(定)性意(义)。

  总之,(《)(决)议(》)总结(党)(的)(百)(年)(奋)叮ǚ郑┴(大)成就(和)(历)(史)经(验),展(现)(了)世(界)(大)(党)(的)(历)(史)自觉、(历)(史)自信(和)(历)(史)担当,展(现)(了)世(界)(大)(党)浚ù矗(历)(史)、评(价)(历)(史)(的)智(慧)(和)(方)(法)。

  (本文来源:经济日报 (作)者:广东省习近(平)新(时)(代)(中)(国)特(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(思)(想)研究(中)心特约研究员、(华)南师范(大)(学)马(克)(思)(主)(义)(学)院院(长) 陈金(龙))

【编辑:王诗尧】

  

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